An effective reading method is
a way to help you get the most out of your reading. Because reading is
one of the most important things to help us gain more knowledge.
However, nowadays there are quite a few people who read books but they
are not effective. Read books for a while, then stop the game.

So how to read books effectively? Is there a way to help read books effectively? The following article STUDENTSGROOM shares with you some of the most effective ways to read books . Let’s learn and apply it for yourself.

This is a very important
issue. XI Povarlin said: “The method of reading depends on the purpose,
and is determined entirely by the end”. The purpose of reading will
govern the entire reading process. Determining the purpose of reading
will help you avoid reading rampant, wasting effort and time. Reading
purpose also helps you have a reasonable reading method, suitable for
the task and the time available for reading.

Determining the purpose of
reading a book is to answer the question: “What is reading for?”. From
there, the question can be answered: “What book, where, and how to read

The purpose of reading a book
also determines the direction of exploiting the problem in the same
book. For example, when reading Nguyen Du’s Tale of Kieu, if you have a
friend who loves poetry, you will find ways to express things and
phenomena in poetry and good hexagonal verses; Have you learn about the
life of Kieu and the plot; have friends over there to understand
cultural life, customs, practices, feudal rites; Some of you find
yourself criticizing the prejudices and laws that oppress women…
Therefore, clearly defining the purpose of reading is the first
important thing for each of us.

You have just finished reading
a good book, you meet a close friend and chat with this friend about
the book. But when your friend asks for the title of the book and the
author’s name so that you can read it, you can’t remember it, and you
can’t answer it. Have you ever been in this situation? If so, then
surely you have skipped the seemingly useless operation above.

Not only that, this
information is also very convenient when you go to buy books and find
books in the library. You will provide information about the book you
are looking for to the bookstore staff or librarian, and they will help
you find the book easily. Standing in front of bookshelves with no idea
what books are, without the above information, how can you find the
book you need. Aren’t you?

The book’s table of contents
reflects the general and simple outline of the content, and sometimes
even its logical outline. This step helps you answer the question:
“What are the contents of the book, in what order?”.

You read the introduction or
preface to know what the book is about, who uses the book most usefully
and how to read it effectively.

Preface written by the author
of the book. Through the preface, you can easily understand the
author’s intention, visualize in general the basic problem mentioned and
its effects; the author’s intended purpose of the book; know the most
important issue the book will cover. Sometimes, through the prologue,
you even get advice from the author on how to read and research the

The purpose of looking at the
book’s conclusion and summary is to see clearly the succinct content,
the main conclusions, and the author’s assertions on the issues
presented. At the same time, through the conclusion and summary, you
also see the problems that have not been fully resolved, the direction
of their continued development.

As a rule, the author must
write a conclusion and summary at the end of the book. But now it is
not clear why some authors ignore this work.

Once you have information
about the content and purpose of the book, you will directly dig into
the content by reading through several passages, discovering
interesting, valuable passages. By reading through a few such passages,
judgments about the content of the book will gradually be accurate,
creating conditions for later reading.

In order to acquire the
necessary knowledge and achieve the purpose of reading, you need to
study the book deeply. This job requires you to have reading skills.
Reading technique is your ability to occupy your knowledge and reading
skill level. Reading technique depends on the purpose of reading,
expressed by reading.

Here are some reading methods, you can refer to and choose according to your own reading purposes.

To generalize the initial
concepts and its contents in the book. For those who are gifted, just
by skimming, you can grasp the most important things such as main ideas,
main events… When skimming, you can skip some pages, certain
paragraphs, or stop at some pages. , some paragraph. This reading is
used when reading to find out a certain issue that has been prepared,
needs further clarification or confirmation; or find different
expressions for a certain problem.

This reading is intended to
give an overview of the entire book, not to go into specific content.
When reading, do not skip any page nor stop to reflect on any content,
but just see, it has been discussed, and to what extent. With books we
don’t know trends, ideas, values… can also be read this way.

reading, the most necessary in self-study to fully comprehend the
content of the book. Each content, each issue is carefully examined,
compared with knowledge, experience and other books on the issues
mentioned in it. The ideological contents of the book are fully and
deeply appreciated by readers.

Same with full reading or
skimming, but readers completely follow the author’s lead, accept it
completely, take it as a dogma; see and consider the problem through
the eyes of the author.

It is a way of reading that
when considering the ideas the book mentions, the reader always compares
and evaluates it. Any acceptance or objection is based on the reader’s
evaluation and comparison with knowledge and experience; perceived
according to their worldview and feelings. From those perceptions, draw
necessary conclusions for the reader himself.

Only exploiting the content
and ideas of the book at the level of general acceptance or criticism,
but not yet showing thorough study of the book. When reading
entertainment books, this reading method is appropriate and saves
Reading is a way of reading
that requires deep contemplation of the content of a book in order to
thoroughly understand and critically grasp the ideas that the book deals
with. This is also an important reading used in self-study.

Reading books without positive
thinking is just a useless waste of time. Positive thinking when
reading is always visualizing the ideas in the book into symbols and
images in your head; Compare and contrast them with each other and with
existing knowledge. From there, the main and the non-essential can be
discovered; the essential and the non-essential, draw conclusions for
yourself. On that basis, you will have a new look, a whole new
perspective and a new quality.

Reading with a positive
mindset is through which something must be drawn from the content of the
book, additional knowledge and experience for oneself. Need to avoid
one-way reading, lazy thinking, lazy taking notes; passive reading,
all-acceptance, machine learning.
Focused attention is the
effort, trying to direct the whole mind continuously on reading in order
to think clearly, think positively, and quickly remember what is
learned while reading. This is a difficult job, requiring you to have a
passion, energy and a clear purpose.


Don’t stray from the book’s
content; do not pay attention to the minutiae such as printing style,
words… Try not to let other work, outside influences distract the
thinking process while reading. When you have a problem you don’t
understand, don’t be discouraged. Try to think or record to find out

Reading techniques include
organizing, determining reading methods and reading operations. The
first step in organizing reading is to arrange, arrange and ensure
favorable conditions for effective reading.

The reading place also needs to be cool, clean and tidy.

– Do not read books in a lying
position, easy to affect memory. It is best to read at the writing
desk, sit comfortably, keep the book at eye level.
Read with variable speed:
Read the important passage slowly, read carefully; If the paragraph is
not important, read quickly, skim.

– Try to understand the meaning of the whole paragraph, do not pay attention to the word, to the sentence.
Practice reading quickly, grasping and quickly grasping the main and basic of the problems presented in the book.

Practice effective reading skills

You should practice regularly,
gradually increasing to a reasonable reading speed. VI Lenin read the
book like opening a book, but still fully and deeply grasp the content
of the book. You need to try step by step to be able to keep your eyes
on the page and capture the soul of an entire passage.

Need to practice judgment when
reading. If there is a purpose of reading to solve or confirm
something, just glance at the place to write about it.

However, it should be
understood, reading quickly is not reading hastily, consuming books.
Such reading is only harmful. Speed ​​reading is grasping quickly,
accurately and with enough content, not quickly looking at the words.

To practice reading speed, you
take a book, select a page, or an entire section, and read it quickly
one at a time. Just read it, trying to grasp its content. Then think
about what its content is like. Do it again to determine if the content
you have just grasped in the previous reading is complete and correct.
Next time, try to increase your reading speed more than last time.
Read a few times like this until you confirm that you have fully and
correctly grasped the content of the part you have read.

That way, you both gradually
increase the reading speed, while controlling the reading quality
corresponding to that speed. Once you have a satisfactory reading
speed, you need to practice regularly and read books regularly so that
the skills you have trained will not be lost.

Taking notes also helps you
check the level of comprehension of the material, creating a basis for
remembering the acquired knowledge.

Each of the above reading
methods can serve different reading purposes and types of books. With
scientific and technical books, reading for the purpose of learning and
research must read actively, ponder deeply, and go deeply into the
content of each issue in the book. Thus, the more clearly you see, you
need to have a clear purpose of reading before you start reading.

Reading scientific books for
the purpose of study and research, you not only read it once, but
sometimes you have to read it many times to achieve the set purpose.
Therefore, one also divides reading into first-time reading and in-depth

The first reading just gives
you directional bases for successful in-depth readings. It is from the
first reading that you can see the important and necessary content for
you, the next time you just need to focus on it. Each time, they
explore more deeply the content of the book, determine what to learn for
the next in-depth reading, gradually narrowing the scope of reading.

Just like that until you
understand the book, complete the purpose of reading, then the reading
will stop. VI Lenin advised us: “After the first reading, we must write
down the things we do not understand or are not clear enough to come
back to read the second, third, fourth time…”.


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